This article will begin with a critical review of these institutional responses, and focuses on measures directed at abusers. The key questions we explore here are: 1) Do these institutional measures maximize safety and empowerment for all battered women? 2) Do they maximize the impact on abusers? 3) What alternatives and expansions of the current criminal justice response make sense? 4) What guiding principles should these new approaches follow? In this article, we also briefly describe five programs that are creating community-based responses to intimate partner violence and are expanding criminal justice approaches.
Authors: Fernando Mederos and Julia Perilla