In preparation for the 2019 Nairobi Summit marking 25 years since the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD+25), this brief is intended as background information to
support MenEngage Alliance members and other advocates interested in connecting gender, men and masculinities to the Summit’s main discussion topics.

This document revisits the context of and the original agreements reached by 179 nations in Cairo at the ICPD in 1994, and how they correlate to the achievements of other conferences of that period. It also recalls reflections by gender equality and SRHR advocates, civil society organizations (CSO)
and women’s rights advocates and UN agencies as implementation of the Programme of Action faced
resistance or barriers over time. Finally, it outlines the collective learnings from the global MenEngage
Alliance membership on issues and considerations pertaining to the human rights of all people inclusive
of their differing and evolving sexual and gender identities and experiences.

Throughout this brief, we highlight how gender, men and masculinities were addressed in the ICPD conceptual framework, which was then for the first time articulated in the context of development policies, population dynamics and women’s empowerment.

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