Despite the work of Governments, the United Nations and other international and regional organizations, as well as the many years of struggle by women’s movements for equal rights, inequalities between women and men persist around the world. Gender-based violence remains prevalent in all societies, and is exacerbated in conflict and post-conflict situations. For millions of women and girls, education and employment opportunities are restricted, leading to inequalities in income and access to decisionmaking. Maternal mortality persists at unacceptable levels in parts of the world. Women’s economic and social dependence leads to persistent vulnerabilities, including in the context of the HIV/AIDS pandemic.
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